Nicholas and Rachael Gallienne / on Nicholas’ birthday 22/07/1877
By Nell Silke and Freda Scholes
“Nicholas Gallienne of French descent, and his second wife, Rachel lived on the Island of Guernsey in the English Channel. They set sail from England bound for Australia on the 9th December, 1849, on the ship Trafalgar, which left from the port of Plymouth. The family arrived in Port Adelaide on the 11th April, 1850.
Nicholas’ daughter Marie, and six children from his marriage to Rachel travelled with them. (One of their daughters, Harriet later married Robert Scholes).
In 1854 Nicholas and Rachel bought a horse and dray and travelled overland to Victoria, in search of gold. Rheola was the area they first began their gold search, but soon followed the ‘rush’ to Jones’ Creek.
The family settled at Jones’ Creek and took up land which remains in the family to this day.
Harriet Gallienne married Robert Scholes and lived at Waanyarra. After the death of Harriet’s brother, Frederick, Harriet and Robert moved into the homestead and raised their family there.
Their first child was George Nicholas, born in 1872, then Rachel 1874, followed by Edmund in 1878.
Edmund’s three sons, Edmund, Robert and George carried on working the original property in partnership as ‘Scholes Brothers’, until Robert retired and went with his wife Mavis, to live in Maryborough. Edmund Jnr.’s youngest son lan, took over his father’s share and bought Robert’s land. George still lives on the original property and with his wife Freda works the farm.
Rachel Scholes married William Jones and lived at Waanyarra. They had four children, Emma May, William Robert, Arthur Harold and Edmund.
Arthur (Icksey) remained on the Jones property all his life, he never married, and died at Dunolly on the 19th July, 1976.
Emma, Arthur (Icksey),William, William Jnr., Rachel (nee Scholes)George Nicholas Scholes married Edith Jane Lockett. They had three daughters, Ivy, Edith Louisa and Rachel, also three boys and one girl who all died young.
George Allan Scholes was born at Dunolly in 1924. He has lived all his life on the original family property at Waanyarra first selected by Nicholas and Frederick Gallienne in the 1860’s. George’s father, Edmund, passed away on the 23rd September, 1955, aged 78, and Sara (nee Freemantle) George’s mother, passed away at the age of 93, on the 14th August 1973. George married Freda McKenzie in 1947 and had three sons, Stewart, Maxwell and Trevor.”
How Things Have ChangedBy Freda Scholes (nee McKenzie)
“Mail was delivered two days a week and the only telephone was at the Post Office, which was in a private house. The postmistress would ride her bike to give anyone a phone message. Electricity did not come through to Waanyarra until 1966. We had no refrigerator until we got one run on kerosene.
The butcher and baker called twice a week. The grocer came every two weeks, took our order and brought our goods the following day. The grocer took our eggs and we paid for our groceries once a year with the price of the eggs deducted from the account. The tradesmen we dealt with came from Dunolly.
There were no washing machines as such (except the old wooden hand operated one of Grandma’s). We boiled the clothes up in the wood-fired copper and scrubbed the clothes clean on the scrubbing board. A battery wireless was listened to sparingly as we had to go to get the batteries charged up in Tarnagulla or Dunolly.
We played a lot of cards and games with the children before bed time.
HARRIET SCHOLES (nee Gallienne) c1900
THE GALLIENNE FAMILYBy E. & A. Holt
From various sources, including:
The late Miss Alice Lewis of Mt. Gambier
Mrs. Clarice Millowick of Mt. Gambier
Mrs. Eva Bool of “Kalkee Home”, Geelong
Nicholas Gallienne the 5th. migrated from Plymouth, England on 26th December, 1849 arriving at Port Adelaide, South Australia on 31 st March, 1850. According to the nominal roll of passengers the following are shown:-
Nicholas Gallienne Aged 51 years Labourer Married
Rachel Gallienne Aged 40 years Married
Marie Gallienne Aged 26 years Servant Single
Frederick Gallienne Aged 24 years Labourer Single
Sophia Gallienne Aged 18 years Servant Single
Louise Gallienne Aged 13 years – –
Harriette Gallienne Aged 11 years – –
Lucrece Gallienne Aged 8 years –
Elise Gavet Gallienne Aged 3 years
Elise died at sea on 27th February, 1850. Guillieme (William) born 5th January, 1843 and Alice Louise born 25th September, 1844 died in infancy.
Nicholas Gallienne (born 2nd July, 1797 “) died 21st November, 1888 at Waanyarra, “of old age debilities”. Buried at Tarnagulla Cemetery.
Rachel Gallienne (nee Gavet) died 4th March, 1882 at Waanyarra “of bronchitis”. Buried at Tarnagulla Cemetery (aged 74 years)
Marie (Mary) Gallienne (born 2nd July, 1824) married Charles Baker on 8th June, 1850 at Trinity Church, Adelaide. They had six children, all born at Waanyarra:-
Alfred (married Mary Smith) born 24.12.1855
William (never married)
Edmund (never married)
Frederick (never married)
Elveina (married Charles Schiller, Veterinary Surgeon of Korong Vale)
Adeline (married Frederick Williams)
Alfred Baker had nine children, five sons and four daughters. Four were over eighteen years of age as at May, 1914. He took up 40 acres of Crown Land- Allotment 4C Section 9, Parish of Waanyarra in 1914, some of which he had occupied previously under Miners Residence Right for 19 years.
Frederick Gallienne (born c. 1826) – died 8th April, 1888 at Waanyarra “of pleuro-pneumonia”. Buried at Tarnagulla. He never married.
Sophia Gallienne (born 29th June, 1832) – married Pierre (Peter) Pallot on 15th February, 1853 at the Church of St. Paul, Port Adelaide. She died at Iron Bark Gully, Tarnagulla on 23rd December, 1871.
Louisa Gallienne (born 22nd September, 1837) – married Thomas Lewis at Dunolly on 11th March, 1857. They had at least ten children:-
Thomas (born c.1858) – married Alice Louise Pallot
Elise Louise (born c. 1 860) – married James Robinson (Clarice Millowick is a granddaughter of Elise Robinson)
George (born c. 1862) – no further details
Mary Ann (born c. 1864) – no further details
Lucy (born c. 1 868) – married Charles North -Warracknabeal
Ellen Augusta (born c. 1868) – married Alfred Ernest Pallot
Charles Edward (born c. 1 870) – no further details
Harriatte Lucretia (born c. 1 8 72) – no further details
Nicolas Frederick (born c.1874) – no further details
Eugene Anthony (born c. 1 8 76) – no further details
Lucrece (Lucretia) Gallienne (born 29th May, 1841) – cared for some of the family of her deceased sister, Sophia after her untimely death in l871. Eventually, Lucretia, at the age of 45 years married her late sister’s husband, Peter Pallot. She survived only some ten months, dying on 6th January, 1887.
Jen Shepherd (nee Lewis) of Perth has supplied the following additional material
1. Eliza Louisa Lewis DOB 13/1/1858 Dunolly Victoria
2. Thomas Lewis DOB 15/10/1859 Dunolly Victoria
3. George Lewis DOB 10/7/1861 Adelaide
4. Mary Ann Lewis DOB 28/9/1865 Adelaide – 3/1/1954
5. Lucy Lewis DOB 12/1/1868 Mt Gambier
6. Ellen Augusta DOB 14/11/1869 Mt Gambier
7. Charles Edward Lewis DOB 19/2/1872 Mt Gambier – 6/5/1939 – (my GG
8. Harriet Lucretia DOB 11/3/1874 Mt Gambier – 8/7/1968
9. Nicolas Frederick Lewis DOB 10/11/1876 Mt Gambier –
10. Eugene Anthony Lewis DOB 5/1/1879 Mt Gambier – 17/1/1962 ?
Extract from Tarnagulla Courier of Saturday, 30th December, 1871.
“An inquest was held on Christmas Day by the District Coroner, G. Cook, Esquire, on the body of a woman named Sophia Pallot. From evidence of the witnesses examined, it appeared that on Saturday night the deceased was seized with pains of child-birth, and, in the absence of her mother, who generally attended her, she was attended by a neighbour named Arm Adams, who delivered the deceased of twins. The mother of the deceased arrived shortly afterwards, and everything in their power was done for the sufferer.
Meanwhile, the husband was sent for the Doctor, but before he could arrive, the woman was dead. Dr. Green said that he had been sent for about ten o’clock on Saturday night, but on arrival the woman had died. He made a postmortem examination and gave it as his opinion that the deceased had come by death by the retention of the placenta, and, had medical aid been present at the time, it could have been removed.
A verdict in accordance with the medical evidence was given.
The deceased, together with her husband, were a hard working couple and had raised twelve children in the most destitute circumstances. Already the public of Tarnagulla, notwithstanding so many calls of late upon their charitable feelings, are making arrangements to assist the bereaved parent in his misery.
Contributions will be received by Messrs. Thomson and Comrie.”